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Housing Definitions

Adult Day Care Programs - offer a protective setting during the day, for those who cannot be left alone due to health care and social needs. The structured program within a community setting offers: socialization, planned activities, care services, companionship and meals. Adult Day Care provides daytime respite for the caregiver who typically works, needs time for other responsibilities, to simply take a break. Some programs are designed for older adults with dementia and/or physical limitations.

Adult Care Home or Family Care Home - are private residences that provides a home-like setting, and serves 5 or less residents. The caregiver may perform several functions, such as personal care, housekeeping and activities and group meals. There are three levels of Adult Foster Care Home licenses. The classification system is based on level of care the Adult Foster Home may provide to residents who live in the home as well as the experience and training of the providers and their ability to assist residents with: personal hygiene, mobility, eating, dressing, toileting, and behavior management. Residents may require very light assistance or may be dependent with several care needs; it is best to ask individual locations for their specific policies and license.

Asssited Living Communities - are State-regulated rental properties where six or more residents may reside. Care assistance is available, including: medication management, bathing, dressing, toileting, and eating. Apartments must be fully self-contained private living units with a lockable door, private bathroom, and kitchenette facilities. The fee schedule is regular monthly rental along with additional fees for specific services and amenities. Assisted living communities are best suited for individuals who want to remain as independent as possible and who are able to direct their own care.

CCRCs ( Continuing Care Retirement Communities ) - are communities that include a continuum of care from independent living, assisted living, residential care and skilled nursing services all on one campus, allowing individuals to live within the same community as their needs progress through the spectrum of care. They typically offer the full selection of amenities associated with retirement living. An endowment fee in addition to a monthly maintenance fee can be expected.

Independent Living Communities - provide residents an independent living setting without the burden of home ownership. Typically, residency is established on a monthly rental basis. Residents live in fully equipped private apartments or cottages from studios to large two-bedroom units that may be rental-assisted or market-rate depending on the community. Amenities and hospitality services such as housekeeping, linen service, transportation and social and recreational activities may be included, provided for an additional charge, or may not be available at all. These communities do not provide assistance with activities of daily living or personal care.

Intermediate Care Facilities (ICF) - are nursing facilities that are most appropriate for people who need 24 hour medical oversight in a structured setting. Most residents must share their room, but residents are allowed to bring personal items to encourage a more home-like atmosphere. Additionally, nursing facilities offer residents planned social, recreational and spiritual activities.

Memory Care or Dementia Communities - offer or provide care for residents with Alzheimer's disease or other dementia in a home like environment. These communities, must receive an endorsement and is governed by additional regulations that are specifically intended to support individuals with dementia, including: a secure building that alerts staff if a resident has exited, a secure outdoor area that provides outdoor freedom safely, interior finishes that are non-glare and well lit, and visual contrasts between floors, walls and doorways. Alzheimer's units must also have programs, which include: gross motor, self care, social, craft, sensory enhancement and outdoor activities.

Rehabilitation and Therapy - is treatment for an injury, illness, or pain with the goal of restoring function, including nursing and therapy services. Rehab is ordered by a physician and services are provided by nurses and physical, occupational, and speech therapists. Examples include working with a physical therapist to help you walk and with an occupational therapist to help you get dressed.

Residential Care Facilities - provide housing and supportive services for six or more people who do not require 24 hour nursing care. Pricing can vary greatly depending on the level of care provided and the size and amenities of each apartment. Accomodations are typically in a home like setting and may range from a shared bedroom with common bathroom, to private apartments with kitchenette and private bathroom. Monthly fees vary greatly based on unit amenities and care services. Many residential care facilities specialize in caring for individuals with Alzheimer's or dementia.

Respite Care - is short term relief for family caregivers to take a break from caregiving responsibilities and allows for a healthier and better quality of life for both the caregiver and care receiver. Respite services include: companionship, personal care, recreational activities and security. Respite care can be provided as short stay or for a longer period that allows the family caregiver to go on vacation or a business trip. Longer duration respite care is generally found at select senior housing communities although some Companion services may provide this service in the home.

Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) - is a State-licensed facility that provides a safe, therapeutic environment for individuals who require rehabilitative care. Skilled Nursing Facilities offer 24 hour skilled nursing care and medical services by licensed nurses and support professionals. This is the highest level of care that can be provided that is not a hospitalization. Additionally, nursing facilities offer residents planned social, recreational and spiritual activities.

Salem Health and Oregon Department of Health and Human Services.